Friday, 29 July 2016

Rob in Rio Herald column Part One

West Wales media consultant Robert Lloyd is spending time in Rio de Janeiro at the 2016 Olympics and Paralympics. He will be reporting exclusively for The Herald newspaper series on his adventures.

If my personal road trip to Rio is anything to go by, this could be a roller-coaster journey.
Three years in the planning, the journey hit what can only be described as a speed bump last week with a medical issue.
So, I write this very much in hope – the hope that I will be on the plane to Rio on Sunday . . . just as long as the doctors agree it is safe for me to travel.
Three years seems like a long time, but the reality is that my personal Olympics and Paralympics journey goes back further still.
A lifelong fan of the Games (one of my earliest memories is of David Hemery winning the 1968 400 metres hurdles at Mexico on our first colour telly!), it has always been a ‘must see’ TV event in our house.
The idea of actually ‘being there’ at an Olympics first started forming during a summer holiday to Rhodes island in Greece.
On a short hop from Rhodes to Athens International Airport, I was sat next to a young man wearing a tracksuit bearing the words Olympic Games volunteer.
It turned out that he was a physiotherapist with a private practice on Rhodes. He’d shut up shop for three weeks to join the army of volunteers helping stage the Athens Games.
I was sold on the idea and hooked on the possibility of volunteering for a future Games.
But it was no more than an idea until the following year, 2005, when Lord Coe and his team made a successful presentation to the Olympic movement and beat off the challenge of Paris to win the right to stage the London 2012 Games.
In 2010, the Games organisers opened up the doors to volunteers and I successfully applied to join the Games Makers.
There was an interview process in Cardiff followed by training sessions in London before I was able to join the team as what was described as a ‘Flash Quotes Reporter’ with the Olympic News Service and Paralympic News Service.
The events of the summer of 2012 provided enough material for a short book (not actually completed yet!).
Along the way, I interviewed the likes of Bradley Wiggins, Mark Cavendish, the Brownlee triathlon brothers Alistair and Johnny and a whole host of other international athletes – some medal winners, some distraught at seeing four-years-plus of hard work going down the tubes.
At the Paralympics, I interviewed David Weir, Hannah Cockcroft, Jonnie Peacock and Richard Whitehead.
And, oh yes, I remember now, I also interviewed a South African Paralympic athlete by the name of Oscar Pistorius. But, perhaps, the least said about him, the better . . .
All in all, my summer of 2012 was a massive experience, a privilege to be (almost) on the very inside track of the Games. It was humbling and inspiring at the same time.
So, bitten by the Olympics bug, I decided to see if there was a chance to volunteer for Rio.
Two years ago, I made it through the initial selection process.
Last August, I had a video link interview with the Olympics team based in Brasilia.
There followed some online training tests – and, then, in November of last year I received notification that I’d been accepted.
Initially, more than 1000 UK volunteers were accepted to join the 50,000 volunteers needed for the Rio Games. This week, that number is reckoned to be nearer 500 as some have been forced to drop out along the way.
Games rules mean that I cannot tell you much about my actual role in Rio (well, for now, anyway), but I am able to say where I will be working.
The battle for Olympic medals will take place in 32 venues in Rio de Janeiro, plus five football co-host cities: Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Manaus, Salvador and São Paulo.
In Rio, the competitions will take place in four geographically segregated Olympic clusters: Barra da Tijuca, Copacabana, Deodoro, and Maracana.
Most events will be held in the western part of Rio de Janeiro, in the Barra area, where the main Olympic Park and Olympic Village and many venues are based.
The legendary Maracanã Stadium will stage the opening and closing ceremonies and the decisive matches of the men’s and women’s football tournaments (both finals and one semi-final in each). The iconic venue was modernised for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
‘Rio Soul Lloyd’ (Rio Soul is what they are calling the volunteers) will be based at the Deodoro complex, which includes everything from equestrian events to BMX bike riding.
Specifically, I will be at the temporary Deodoro Stadium, built around an existing polo field, which will host the Rio 2016 rugby competitions, as well as the equestrian and combined running and shooting sections of the modern pentathlon.
I will also be based at the Youth Arena for indoor modern pentathlon events.
In the volunteer game, you can express preferences for what sports you’d like to be involved in, but when tasks are distributed you usually accept what you are given.
So, in my case, it is a happy event indeed to be given work on the rugby sevens tournament, which will include a GB team squad which features Llanelli’s James Davies and travelling reserve Luke Treharne from Llanelli.
Although the 15-player version of rugby appeared at the Olympic Games between 1900 and 1924, Rio 2016 marks the debut of rugby sevens, the faster, shorter adaptation of the game.
The Rio billboards are proclaiming – ‘Bravery, skill and speed will be in abundance in the men’s and women’s tournaments.’
As far as the modern pentathlon goes, well, let’s just say I have a fair bit of homework to do reading up on the sport and the competitors before that event starts at Deodoro.
My current roster sees me working for 11 days of the Olympics, but (as in London) that could change to more days depending on the workload on volunteers.
It won’t all be work and on days off I will get a chance to explore Rio de Janeiro and be a spectator at other events. Obviously, football and the athletics are high on the wish-list for free day activity!
The Games will take place against a backdrop of Rio problems – the Zika virus, a Government crisis, a crumbling oil-based economy, civil service pay strikes, worries about terrorism and fears over crime in Rio.
When you put it all into perspective, my health speed bump pales into insignificance.
Medical approval allowing, I will be reporting back from Rio for the Herald every week.
Fingers crossed that I will make that plane on Sunday!

The Welsh at the Olympics:

Welsh athletes will be competing under the GB banner and the Union Jack flag at the Rio de Janeiro Games, the first Olympics to be held in South America.
The current Great Britain squad in Rio will boast a record number of Welsh athletes at an overseas Olympics.
London 2012 champions Jade Jones and Geraint Thomas lead a 24-strong Welsh contingent spread across 11 sports.
Here are the Welsh athletes who have qualified for the 31st Olympic Games in Brazil (as at time of going to press):
Seren Bundy-Davies
400m & 4x400m relay
Joe Cordina
Men's lightweight (60kg)
Elinor Barker
Women's team pursuit
Owain Doull
Men's team pursuit
Ciara Horne
Women's team pursuit
Becky James
Women's sprint
Geraint Thomas
Men's road race
Natalie Powell
Women's -78 kg
Victoria Thornley
Double sculls
Chris Bartley
Men's lightweight four
Graeme Thomas
Quadruple sculls
James Davies
Sam Cross
Jasmine Joyce
Travelling reserve: Luke Treharne
Hannah Mills
470 class
Chris Grube
470 class
Elena Allen
Women's Skeet
Jazz Carlin
400m and 800m freestyle
Georgia Davies
100m backstroke
Ieuan Lloyd
200m freestyle and individual medley
Chloe Tutton
200m breaststroke
Jade Jones
Non Stanford
Helen Jenkins

Monday, 18 July 2016

This week's special offers at Jenkins Bakery shops

This week's special offers at Jenkins Bakery shops -

3 Medium Corned Beef Pasties, £1.70
2 Large Corned Beef Pasties, £2.00
4 Medium Sausage Rolls, £1.85
2 Custard Slices, £1.80
Sandwich of the Week, Salmon and Cucumber, £2.20
Rustic Baguette of the Week, Chicken and Bacon, £2.50
Filled Softie of the Week, Turkey and Stuffing, £2.35

Website -

Millionaire’s secrets revealed for farmers and landowners

Welsh multi-millionaire, social entrepreneur and wealth-coach, Kevin Green inspired an audience of farming and landowning entrepreneurs at the CLA Cymru pavilion at the Royal Welsh Show tonight.
“How’s it done? – Is the question I get asked all the time,” Kevin told his audience. “I’m never going to say it’s easy, but I’ve got some insights into how dynamic people can get the best out of themselves and their business partners - and get the best from their precious resources.
“Farmers and landowners are already like the invaluable ‘multi-tool’ on the work-bench.
“Multi-skilled, they are committed, determined and self-motivated. They are self-sufficient, but often draw upon a highly supportive network who are not just supporters but are believers in their work.
“As a group they are doggedly determined – their blood is in the land and the land is in their blood.”
Kevin Green has been a successful dairy-farmer and is now a highly successful businessman, juggling one of the UK’s biggest private landlord portfolios alongside growing demands for his motivational business and training speeches in every corner of the globe.
In 1999, he won a Nuffield Scholarship in agriculture and studied the approach and mentality of high-achievers. Since then, his businesses have grown exponentially and continue to thrive. He was happy to share some of his ‘how to achieve success’ messages with an appreciative audience.
Kevin has become a Big Ideas Wales role-model for the Welsh Government. In this role, he shares his insights, inspiring children and young people to focus on entrepreneurship to shape their careers.
He said: “Success in business is about courage, trust and faith. You can gain precious momentum in these qualities by making sure you share passion, creativity and entrepreneurship.
‘At the same time, to succeed in life and business you have to show commitment and be doggedly determined and persistent. You have to be alert to changing conditions, new opportunities and shifting market forces.
“Change is not an obstacle, but a gateway you can open and stride through.”
Kevin added: “I am looking to inspire a new generation of rural entrepreneurs. I’m a huge believer in creating motivation and channelling it through empowerment.
“I’m also a massive believer in all things Welsh. The football team’s #TogetherStronger success in Euro 2016 has really flown the flag for Wales. It’s put us firmly on the world map. The football team is a wonderful reflection of what the Welsh work ethic can achieve. We have all the qualities and ingredients for success here in the Welsh community and we have to be confident in our ability to play a part on the European and World stages.”
Rebecca Williams, Director CLA Cymru said: “We’ve started our show with a bang this year. Countryside issues have never been so intense, but the essential imperative to run successful businesses is vital for the rural economy. Kevin Green doesn’t pull any punches – he has been inspiring and challenging in equal measure.”
“CLA Cymru is all about creating and sustaining a prosperous rural economy,” Rebecca Williams concluded. “A high proportion of our membership is business and professional people active in rural Wales working together with innovative landowners and farmers. Creativity has been a watchword for success in the Welsh rural economy. Successful country business-people are dynamic, versatile, they challenge convention and, above all, they are hungry for success.”

The CLA (Country Land and Business Association) is the membership organisation for landowners, farmers and other rural businesses. We have about 3,500 members in Wales and along with our English members they own around half of the rural land in England & Wales. Our purpose is to ensure that our members have the security, certainty and support they need to make investments in their land and business.
The CLA has more than 33,000 members across rural England and Wales.
As a membership organisation, the CLA supports landowners by advising them on how best to protect and maximise their asset: the land. We are dedicated to supporting landowners and their businesses. Our success is measured by how effectively we do that. We have a team of experts in London and a regional structure able to give local support.
We have been looking after the interests of our members, as well as promoting the positive aspects of land ownership, land management and rural business activities for the past 100 years. CLA members own or manage approximately half the rural land in England and Wales, and the resulting expertise puts us in a unique position to formulate policies and lobby effectively.

For more information about the CLA, visit: or follow us on Twitter @CLAtweets

Ysgol Tycroes crowned UK National Champions in the F1 in Schools Challenge

A Carmarthenshire primary school is racing ahead in an engineering design competition.
Ysgol Tycroes has been crowned UK National Champions in the F1 in Schools Challenge.
It is the third time that the school has claimed the title in the last four years.
Executive board member for education Cllr Gareth Jones said: “Congratulations to Ysgol Tycroes pupils and staff for this excellent achievement.
“There is fierce and strong competition in this challenge from schools across the UK, so to win it three times in four years is a remarkable achievement. Well done to all, and keep up the good work!”
The F1 in Schools Challenge is an exciting learning opportunity, which develops a number of skills such as science, technology, engineering, design, maths, conducting formal presentations and teamwork.
The project involves designing, manufacturing and racing the fastest car possible in 2D and 3D format, emulating the design and engineering processes employed by real engineering companies.
The school’s Year 6 team, Emoji, guided by classteacher Mr Robert Randel and teaching assistant Mrs Natalie Leyshon, attended the UK finals at Coventry Ricoh Arena for the finals on June 30, and became UK National Champions.
“Not only has this been a huge success story this year, but this is the third time in four years that Ysgol Tycroes has been crowned UK National Champions,” said headteacher Mr Elfed Wood.
As well as becoming the National Champions the team also received an award for best-engineered car and for the fourth year in a row Ysgol Tycroes has achieved the fastest car award.
Last year’s F1 team, Mint, set a new world record of 0.929 seconds, which is still standing. 

Retailers urged to sign up to student 'lock-in' event

Carmarthen town centre businesses are being urged to sign-up to a Student Lock-In – an innovative nationwide retail event targeted specifically at the student market.
Carmarthenshire County Council’s economic development team is working with the University of Wales Trinity St David (UWTSD) to bring the event to Carmarthen for the first time.
The Student Lock-In has become a highly popular event, with students often attending multiple events across regions to get their hands on the best bargains.
Carmarthen town centre businesses are being encouraged to offer exclusive discounts, giveaways and competitions to attract students to spend in town between 6pm and 9pm on Tuesday, September 27.
All retail businesses can get involved, including outlets offering food and drink.
The Lock-In will be promoted locally to students from UWTSD’s Carmarthen and Lampeter campuses, Coleg Sir Gâr campuses, and sixth form students from Carmarthen schools, with the potential for students to visit from other areas to sample what Carmarthen has to offer.
Cllr Meryl Gravell, Executive Board Member for regeneration, said: “There is huge potential for local businesses to benefit from this innovative student event and build relationships with new customers that will return again and again.
“This is a first for Carmarthenshire – the nearest Student Lock-in to us is in Swansea. It is without doubt, am engaging way to interact with the student market. We’re hoping it will prove a huge success and become an annual event.”
Be a part of Carmarthen’s First Student Lock-In Event!
If you run a retail business in Carmarthen, sign up to take part. Contact Angharad Harding, email or call 01267 242335.

Carmarthenshire Council buys seven Llanelli centre properties

Carmarthenshire County Council has bought seven properties in Llanelli Town Centre as part of its ‘Opportunity Street’ project.
More than half of the properties in the town centre’s main shopping streets, including Stepney Street and Vaughan Street, are owned by private landlords who lease out the buildings and set their own rents.
Buying some of these properties from the private owners was identified as one of the key priorities of the Llanelli Town Centre Taskforce, chaired by Leader of the Council, Cllr Emlyn Dole.
It means that the council now has more control over the buildings, and the aim is to bring them back into use with a mixed retail and residential offer.
It also means that the council is able to set the rent at an affordable level.
The council secured money through the Welsh Government’s Vibrant and Viable Places fund to bolster the council’s own funds in order to purchase the buildings.
Cllr Dole said: “Opportunity Street is all about bringing more town centre properties into council ownership so that we can bring them back into use.
“Nobody wants empty units in the town, and a lot of criticism has been aimed at the council for not doing enough about it. When I launched the Llanelli Town Centre Taskforce, bringing more units back into use was one of my main priorities, and Opportunity Street is helping us achieve this.”
Numbers 10 and 12 Stepney Street were the first properties purchased in March 2015. Planning permission for a retail unit and two two-bedroom residential units for each of the buildings has since been approved.
Work has started and should be finished by May 2017. It is being carried out by local contractor Lloyd and Gravell, which has also committed to deliver additional community benefits throughout the works, in liaison with the council’s Economic Development team.
The council’s housing team is funding the residential element of the project, and will manage the units once complete.
The retail units will be available to let through the council’s Corporate Property team.
Discussions are now underway regarding the five other properties bought under the scheme.

Friday, 15 July 2016

The latest Clay Shaw Butler Money Matters column from the Carmarthenshire Herald

The latest Clay Shaw Butler Money Matters column from the Carmarthenshire Herald.
By Mark Jones, director of Carmarthen-based Clay Shaw Butler chartered accountants and business consultants.

You’ll hear plenty of talk these days about money laundering and you will probably assume it has nothing to do with you.
But it is worth taking a moment to consider how money laundering rules could affect your organisation.
So, over the next couple of weeks, we will take an in-depth look at money laundering.
Money laundering - a definition . . .
Most of us imagine money launderers to be criminals involved in drug trafficking or terrorism or to be an arch-criminal like Al Capone.
However, legislation, in the last decade, has expanded significantly the definition of what we might have traditionally considered as money laundering.
While the general principles remain; money laundering involves turning the proceeds of crime into apparently 'innocent' funds with no obvious link to their criminal origins, what has changed is that the definition now includes the proceeds of any criminal offence, regardless of the amount involved.
The key pieces of legislation are:
  • the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 (The Act) as amended by the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005, and 
  • the Money Laundering Regulations 2007 (The 2007 Regulations). 
The Act re-defines money laundering and the money laundering offences, and creates mechanisms for investigating and recovering the proceeds of crime. The Act also revises and consolidates the requirement for those affected to report knowledge, suspicion or reasonable grounds to suspect money laundering. See the panel below for some of the more technical terms of the Act.
The 2007 Regulations
The 2007 Regulations contain the detailed procedural requirements for those affected by the legislation. The 2007 Regulations came into force on 15 December 2007.
Under the Act, someone is engaged in money laundering if they:
  • conceal, disguise, convert, transfer or remove (from the United Kingdom) criminal property 
  • enter into or become concerned in an arrangement which they know or suspect facilitates (by whatever means) the acquisition, retention, use or control of criminal property by or on behalf of another person or 
  • acquire, use or have possession of criminal property. 
Property is criminal property if it:
  • constitutes a person’s benefit in whole or in part (including pecuniary and proprietary benefit) from criminal conduct or 
  • represents such a benefit directly or indirectly, in whole or in part and 
  • the alleged offender knows or suspects that it constitutes or represents such a benefit. 
Who is caught by the legislation?
Certain businesses have been affected by anti-money laundering rules for some time, for example, banks and other financial institutions.
These businesses have been required to put in place specific arrangements to prevent and detect money laundering.
However, the current regime also requires many more businesses to introduce procedures to combat money laundering and the criminal activity that underlies it.
As money launderers have resorted to more sophisticated ways of disguising the source of their funds, legislation aimed at catching those involved has become necessary.
The regulated sector
The legislation relates to anyone in what is termed as the 'regulated sector', which includes but is not limited to:
  • accountants and auditors 
  • tax advisers 
  • financial institutions 
  • credit institutions 
  • dealers in high value goods (including auctioneers dealing in goods) whenever a transaction involves accepting a total cash payment equivalent to €15,000 or more, whether in a single operation or in several operations that are linked 
  • casinos 
  • estate agents 
  • some management consultancy services 
  • company formation agents 
  • insolvency practitioners 
  • legal professionals 
Those businesses that fall within the definition of being in the regulated sector are required to establish procedures to:
  • apply customer due diligence procedures 
  • appoint a Money Laundering Nominated Officer (MLNO) to whom money laundering reports must be made 
  • establish systems and procedures to forestall and prevent money laundering and 
  • provide relevant individuals with training on money laundering and awareness of their procedures in relation to money laundering. 
If your business is caught by the definition you may have received guidance from your professional or trade body on how the requirements affect you and your business.
We will explore money laundering issues further in the next Money Matters column.

Finally, a few reminders on the tax front –
Remember 19th of the month PAYE/ Class 1 contributions and CIS deadline or 22nd if paying your PAYE electronically
The Tax Credit Renewal date is getting closure - ensure yours are submitted by 31 July

You can find out more about money matters on the Clay Shaw Butler website (under our news for business section) -
We have a strong and experienced team with great local knowledge all geared-up to helping you get the very best from your finances – whether that is as an individual or as a business.
We stay ahead of the game by putting great store by continual professional development for our staff.
With Investors In People status at Clay Shaw Butler, we care passionately about making sure our staff have all the tools they need to serve you, our customers.

Weblink -
The team at Clay Shaw Butler can be contacted on 01267 228500.
The team at Clay Shaw Butler are on Twitter. Look for @clayshawbutler.

Wednesday, 13 July 2016

The latest Phil Evans column from the South Wales Evening Post

The latest Phil Evans column from the South Wales Evening Post.
Comedian Phil Evans is from Ammanford. He is known as the man who puts the ‘cwtsh’ into comedy.



If someone swore at you in the street, threatened you and insulted your character, you’d feel justifiably annoyed and upset.
You’d probably call the police and have him locked-up.
Depending on the size of the person in question, you might want to give him a ‘punch up the bracket’ as my Uncle Billy used to say in the rasping Cockney accent of an old Covent Garden costermonger with a face burnished from decades of working outside in all weathers.
We never understood why Billy spoke like that, because he was only 35 and a window-dresser from Aberystwyth.
Today, people don’t insult you in the street.
They do it through a laptop or smart phone via ‘social’ media.
Some of the ill-informed bile that’s unleashed on Twitter by trolls is nothing short of disgraceful.
But it’s not just anonymous keyboard junkies who let rip their unfiltered opinions on other people.
Charlotte Church - Voice of an Angel; Language Of A Docker - recently let rip with a turbo-charged, foul-mouthed rant about Nigel Farage on Twitter.
Her children must be so proud of her.
I’m apolitical and think it’s unwise to become publicly involved in either politics or religion – as I remarked to Carwyn Jones while dining with the Pope at the Archbishop of Canterbury’s two-up, two-down.
But staunch ‘Remainer’ Charlotte gave the world her opinion of Farage and his ambitions for the U.K. to leave the E.U.
Then surprise, surprise, the poor mite was ‘shocked’ to be criticised for it on Twitter.
I’m not condoning the vile threats she received, but surely common sense dictates that if you insult 17 million people who voted for Brexit, some of them are going to feel peeved.
On her Facebook page, she said:
"Maybe I shouldn't have lowered myself to calling Farage names but the messages of abuse and threats I'm getting are horrifying.
"I’ll be reporting them to the police. I understand many of us have different opinions on this but let's try and stem this swell of hate.”

In her desire to be seen as the offended party, Ms Church chose to ignore that she was the one who created this particular ‘swell of hate’.
I use social media all the time, but I never abuse it and choose my words very carefully.
And none of them would upset The Pope or the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Carwyn Jones?
Well, maybe!

Bad advertising:

In my job, I do a lot of driving up and down the country and much of this time is spent on motorways, where you really have to have your wits about you.
It seems to me that the nation’s driving is getting worse; everyone seems to be in a rush.
Now then, here is one thing that never fails to amaze me.
A few times recently I have been happily travelling along within the speed limit and out of nowhere, right behind me appears someone who is in much more of a rush than the rest of the universe.
I can't see their number plate as they are so close.
When they pass me, I can clearly see the likes of ‘Bob’s Plastering Service’, ‘Pete’s Plumbing’, accompanied by their email address and contact number.
Now forgive me if I'm wrong, but driving like an absolute plonker while advertising your contact details on your van is not the ideal way to promote your business, is it?
Just a thought.



Last week’s highlight for me was performing my Phil Evans and Friends show at the Llangwm Festival in Pembrokeshire.
This was the sixth time I had been invited back to perform a comedy evening in this beautiful part of Wales, in a village community where everyone knows each other and continues to pull together for the benefit of the community as a whole.
It was like stepping back in time to the way that towns and villages used to engage with each other many years ago.
The age range was from 16 to 80 and, luckily for us as performers, we were able to tickle the funny bones of every generation and our efforts were truly appreciated.
The community spirit in many parts of the country is not always as good as we witnessed last weekend but so much can be gained by a handful of determined people pulling together for the benefit of all to make a difference in the community, thereby setting an example for future generations.
We are writing the Christmas show now in readiness for special venues such as Llangwm.
Yes, Christmas. Yes, only 23 more weeks to go!


You can follow Phil Evans on Twitter @philevanswales and 

Barn Owls move into Pembrey Country Park

A new Barn Owl box has moved into Pembrey Country Park.
Nestled in the woodlands, towards the west of the park, it is hoped the roost will help boost declining owl numbers.
The heart shape faced barn owls have been spotted nesting in the Corsican Pine woodlands for some time.
The box, made by Burns Pet Nutrition, is one of three donated by Carmarthenshire Bird Club.
Other locations in Carmarthenshire include Penclacwydd and near Llanboidy in the west of the county.
Plans are also in hand to put up boxes near Llangunnor and Cross Hands.
The council’s executive board for leisure, Cllr Meryl Gravell said: “We are doing our bit to conserve one of the most beautiful birds on earth and together with the park being a perfect location for them the box will help increase the Barn Owl population.”
Barn Owls screech, not hoot.
The barn owl can fly almost silently which enables it to hear the slightest sounds made by its rodent prey hidden in deep vegetation while it’s flying up to three metres overhead. Its hearing is the most sensitive of any creature tested. In order to live and breed, a pair of barn owls needs to eat around 5,000 prey items a year. These are mainly field voles, wood mice, and common shrews.
The council’s conservation ranger, Simeon Jones said: “The park is an ideal location for Barn Owls being well away from traffic which has an adverse impact on Barn Owl populations.”